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Legalization of Weed

States Where Weed Is Medically Legal in 2021

If you’re new to the cannabis scene, you may be wondering about all the headlines surrounding medical weed. We’ve prepared this short guide so that you can have a better idea of what medical marijuana is, what conditions it may help, and the different medical cannabis regulations across the United States.

What Is Medical Weed?

Humans have been consuming cannabis for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Unfortunately, prohibition put a swift end to the use of this highly beneficial plant for therapeutic purposes.

Although there had been several previous attempts, the comeback of medical weed in the U.S. started to pick up steam in the late 1980s in San Francisco, California. The city’s gay population had been hit particularly hard by the federally-ignored AIDS epidemic. Activists fought long and hard to finally pass the first medical marijuana initiative in 1991, followed by statewide medical cannabis legalization in 1996. Today, the majority of states have some form of medical marijuana program.

States Where Weed Is Medically Legal

Each state has different ideas about medical weed, what conditions should be covered, and what products should be available. Some areas have decriminalized cannabis as well as becoming medical marijuana states. Others have resisted becoming full medical marijuana states and opted to enact CBD laws instead.

Below, we’ve provided a quick run-down of medical marijuana regulations for each state. Please check out our interactive map to find out more about medical cannabis in your area.

Medically Legal/Decriminalized

State Qualifying Conditions Possession Limits Home Cultivation Allowed
Connecticut Wide range of conditions depending upon approval from the Department of Consumer Protection Any condition recommended by a qualified physician No
Delaware Alzheimer’s, anxiety, cachexia, ALS, chronic pain, cirrhosis, glaucoma, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, intractable epilepsy, migraine, nausea, PTSD, seizures, severe and persistent muscle spasms (other conditions depending upon physician’s recommendation and failure of traditional treatments) Six ounces No
Florida Cancer, ALS, Crohn’s, chronic pain (with conditions), epilepsy, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, Parkinson’s, MS, seizures, PTSD, terminal Illness 70-day supply or up to four ounces No
Hawaii ALS, cancer, cachexia, epilepsy, Crohn’s disease, chronic pain, glaucoma, AIDS/HIV, lupus, MS, nausea, muscle spasms, PTSD, rheumatoid arthritis, seizures Four ounces (excluding stalks, seeds, and stems) Yes, up to seven plants
Maryland anorexia, wasting syndrome, cachexia, nausea, seizures, muscle spasms 30-day supply; edibles prohibited No
Minnesota Alzheimer’s, macular degeneration, ALS, autism, cancer, cachexia, chronic pain, Crohn’s, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, intractable pain, PTSD, seizures, muscle spasms, sickle cell, sleep apnea, Tourette’s, terminal illness 30-day supply; smokeables prohibited No
Missouri Wide range of conditions depending upon doctor’s opinion Four ounces every 30 days Yes, up to six flowering plants in a closed and locked facility
New Hampshire ALS, Alzheimer’s, cachexia, cancer, chronic pain, pancreatitis, Crohn’s, Ehlers-Danlos, glaucoma, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, lupus, vomiting, MS, muscular dystrophy, nausea, Parkinson’s, muscle spasms, PTSD, seizures, severe pain, spinal cord injury, brain injury, wasting syndrome Two ounces No
New Mexico ulcerative colitis, spinal muscular atrophy, spinal cord damage, spasmodic torticollis, chronic pain, PTSD, Parkinson’s, peripheral neuropathy, opioid dependency, sleep apnea, MS, Lewy body disease, nausea/vomiting, rheumatoid arthritis, Huntington’s, terminal illness, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, glaucoma, Friedreich’s, epilepsy, Crohn’s, cervical dystonia, cancer, anorexia, cachexia, ALS, Alzheimer’s Eight ounces in 90 days Yes, up to 16 plants (four mature)
New York acute pain, ALS, chronic pain, cancer, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, Huntington’s, IBS, Parkinson’s, PTSD, neuropathies, MS, opioid addiction, spinal cord damage 30-day supply; smokeables prohibited No
North Dakota Alzheimer’s, dementia, ALS, anorexia, anxiety, autism, brain injury, bulimia, cachexia, cancer, chronic disease, Crohn’s, Ehlers-Danlos, endometriosis, epilepsy, glaucoma, fibromyalgia, hepatitis C, AIDS/HIV, nausea, interstitial cystitis, neuropathy, migraine, MS, rheumatoid arthritis, PTSD, seizures, muscle spasms, severe pain, spinal stenosis, Tourette’s Three ounces of cannabis flower and up to 2000 milligrams of concentrate in 30 days No
Ohio AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer’s, ALS, cancer, cachexia, encephalopathy, Crohn’s, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, glaucoma, hepatitis C, IBS, chronic pain, MS, Parkinson’s, PTSD, sickle cell anemia, spinal cord injury, Tourette’s, brain injury, ulcerative colitis Not yet specified No
Rhode Island Alzheimer’s, autism, cancer, cachexia, chronic pain, Crohn’s, glaucoma, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, nausea, muscle spasms, PTSD, seizures (other conditions upon approval) 2.5 ounces Yes, up to 12 mature plants and 12 seedlings
South Dakota* Any chronic or debilitating condition that produces one of the following: wasting syndrome, persistent muscle spasms, severe nausea, or seizures Three ounces Yes, up to three plants
Virginia Any condition recommended by a qualified physician 90-day supply, cannabis products must contain at least 5 mg of CBD/dose; Limit of 10 mg of THC/dose No

*South Dakota decriminalized weed in November of 2020. The new law takes effect on July 21, 2021.

Medically Legal

State Qualifying Conditions Possession Limits Home Cultivation Allowed
Alaska seizures, nausea, MS, HIV/AIDS, glaucoma, chronic pain, cancer, cachexia One ounce Yes, up to six plants (no more than three mature)
Arizona** Alzheimer’s, Lou Gehrig’s, cachexia, cancer, chronic pain, Crohn’s, glaucoma, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, nausea, muscle spasms, PTSD, seizures 2.5 ounces every 14 days Yes, if the patient lives more than 25 miles away from a dispensary; Limit of 12 plants in a closed and locked facility.
Arkansas ALS, Alzheimer’s, cachexia, cancer, chronic or debilitating illness, Crohn’s, fibromyalgia, glaucoma, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, peripheral neuropathy, MS, intractable pain, PTSD, seizures, severe arthritis, severe nausea, muscle spasms, Tourette’s, ulcerative colitis (other conditions if approved by the Department of Health) Depending upon the doctor’s recommendation; No herbal cannabis for minors under 21; Limit of 10 milligrams of THC for edibles. No
Louisiana Autism, cachexia, cancer, Crohn’s, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, glaucoma, intractable pain, MS, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s, PTSD, seizures, severe muscle spasms (Other disorders deemed “debilitating” by a qualified physician) 30-day supply; smokeables prohibited No
Mississippi*** Autism with aggressive behavior, ALS, cancer, cachexia, dementia, Crohn’s, HIV/AIDS, epilepsy, Huntington’s disease, glaucoma, intractable nausea or seizures, MS, neuropathies, opioid addiction, PTSD, Parkinson’s, severe chronic pain, terminal illness, spinal cord damage, sickle cell anemia, ulcerative colitis 2.5 ounces every 14 days No
Montana Terminal illness, cachexia, cancer, CNS disorders with muscle spasms or chronic pain, Crohn’s, epilepsy, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, intractable nausea/vomiting, peripheral neuropathy, PTSD, severe chronic pain One ounce Yes, up to four mature plants and four seedlings
New Jersey**** Opioid addiction, ALS, anxiety, cancer, chronic pain, chronic visceral pain, dysmenorrhea, Crohn’s, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, glaucoma, IBD, migraines, MS, muscular dystrophy, PTSD, seizures, Tourette’s Three ounces per month No
Oklahoma Up to the physician’s discretion Up to eight ounces of weed, up to one ounce of concentrates, up to 72 ounces of edibles Yes, six mature plants and six seedlings
Pennsylvania Lou Gehrig’s, anxiety, autism, cancer, Crohn’s, spastic disorders, epilepsy, glaucoma, Huntington’s, AIDS/HIV, seizures, IBD, MS, opioid addiction, neurodegenerative disorders, neuropathies, Parkinson’s, PTSD, sickle cell anemia, chronic pain, terminal illness, Tourette’s 30-day supply of extracts; No smoking, patients only allowed to vape cannabis flowers No
Utah ALS, autism, Alzheimer’s, cancer, cachexia, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s, HIV/AIDS, seizure disorders, MS, nausea, chronic pain, PTSD, terminal illness, rare conditions (Patients between 18-21 must be approved by the Compassionate Use Board) 113 grams of raw cannabis; extracts may not exceed 20 grams per single dose No
West Virginia***** Terminal illness, sickle cell anemia, spinal cord damage, severe chronic pain, PTSD, Parkinson’s, neuropathies, MS, intractable seizures, Huntington’s, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s, cancer, ATS Unspecified quantities of infused pills, topicals, oils, topicals, liquids, and dermal patches; Dry herb for vaporization only No

**In Arizona, sales of legal cannabis for recreational purposes began on January 22, 2021.

***Mississippi became a legal medical cannabis state in November 2020.

****New Jersey legalized weed for adult recreational use in November 2020. Recreational sales are expected to begin in early 2022.

*****West Virginia passed medical marijuana legislation in 2017, and the law took effect on July 1, 2019. However, the program has only recently become fully functional.

Medical CBD

State Qualifying Conditions Possession Limits
Alabama Debilitating epilepsy Unspecified
Georgia Alzheimer’s, AIDS, autism, ALS, Crohn’s, cancer, terminal illness, mitochondrial disease, MS, intractable pain, PTSD, Parkinson’s, peripheral neuropathy, seizures, sickle cell anemia, Tourette’s 20 ounces of infused oil with no more than 5% THC and an equal or greater amount of CBD
Indiana Dravet, Lennox-Gastaut, and other treatment-resistant epilepsy CBD extracts must have at least 10% CBD and <.3% THC
Iowa AIDS/HIV, cancer, ALS, autism, chronic pain, Crohn’s, MS, Parkinson’s, PTSD, epilepsy, terminal illness, ulcerative colitis May possess products with more than .3% THC
Kansas Any debilitating condition as determined by the recommending physician Unspecified amounts of products with no more than 5% THC and an equal or greater quantity of CBD
Kentucky Intractable epilepsy Only under the state-sponsored clinical program
Missouri Intractable epilepsy 20 ounces of extract with at least 5% CBD and less than three-tenths of 1% THC
North Carolina Intractable epilepsy Extracts with at least 5% CBD and less than nine-tenths of 1% THC
South Carolina Dravet’s, Lennox-Gastaut, refractory epilepsy extracts with at least 15% CBD and less than nine-tenths of 1% THC
Tennessee Intractable seizures Oils with no more than nine-tenths of one percent THC
Texas autism, ALS, neurodegenerative disorders, intractable epilepsy, MS, seizures, terminal cancer Oils with more than 10% CBD and less than .5% THC
Wisconsin Any medical condition Any non-psychoactive CBD product
Wyoming Intractable epilepsy Extracts with at least 15% CBD and less than .3% THC

Hopefully, you now have a better understanding of medical weed and can begin to navigate the often confusing landscape of medical marijuana laws. Please check back with us here at Bloom and Oil for updates on medical cannabis laws and research.

Updated August 5, 2021
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