What is the Difference Between CBD and Terpenes?

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Understanding the diverse landscape of CBD can be a little tricky for people unfamiliar with it. Why? Many new terms and products continue appear. CBD and terpenes, for example; are they the same? What are the differences between CBD and terpenes? How do these compounds work together? Here we’ll try to answer these and other questions.

Terpenes and CBD Work Together

Terpenes are everywhere in our daily life. They can be found in plants and are responsible for the aroma of flowers or the smell of fresh fruits. Terpenes are also the natural compounds that plants produce to repel pests and attract pollinators. And yes, they are found in hemp and cannabis!

In a hemp plant, there are more than 100 cannabinoids; THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD are the best-known. THC is popularly known as the compound that can make you “high”, while CBD (Cannabidiol) is the compound that may help you relax or sleep well – but they don’t work alone. Recent studies by the American Headache Society have seen that the effects of CBD are likely possible due to terpenes. Same with the THC. It’s what scientists call the “entourage effect.”

Around 100 types of terpenes have been found in hemp and cannabis, but two types are the most common: monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Myrcene and Limonene, both monoterpenes, are the most frequent terpenes in hemp. Myrcene is known to give hemp its unique aroma.

Studies by Dr. Ethan B. Russo found that myrcene and CBD have similar properties, suggesting that CBD and myrcene may work together to intensify their relaxing effects. Myrcene is also found in hops, which is why many people think that IPA beers smell similar to cannabis. Limonene is the second most abundant terpene found in hemp, and it is also in various citrus fruits. It can be responsible for the citrus smell of some cannabis strains.

Studies by Dr. Ethan B. Russo found that myrcene and CBD have similar properties, suggesting that CBD and myrcene may work together to intensify their relaxing effects.

On the other side, we have caryophyllene, the best-known sesquiterpenes. This terpene is also present in many herbs and spices, including black pepper, basil, and oregano. It’s responsible for giving a spice-like taste to some hemp oils, and it smells similar to cinnamon and cloves. It is also known because it has anti-inflammatory properties.

Cannabinoids and terpenes are not the same. They have different qualities. But working together, cannabinoids, like CBD and terpenes, may be able to intensify their healing properties and do a better job in the human body.

 

 

 

 

 

GUEST CONTRIBUTOR: This article is a guest post written by Alberto Vazquez in partnership with CBD Expo.

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